Sixtus IV

(1414–84)
   Pope.
   Sixtus was born Francesco della Rovere. He was a member of the Franciscan Order and was appointed a Cardinal in 1467. He was elected Pope in 1471. He is remembered as a patron of the arts and scholarship; he built the Sistine Chapel and enriched the Vatican Library. He also practised nepotism on a grand scale (the later Pope Julius II was his nephew) and his finances were chaotic. In the early years of his Pontificate, he embarked on an unsuccessful crusade and, as a result of his nephew’s activities, the Papal States were embroiled in a war with Florence between 1478 and 1480. Later commentators have judged him to be a kindly, virtuous man, but he did little to enhance the spiritual prestige of the Papacy.
   E. Lee, Sixtus IV and Men of Letters (1978).

Who’s Who in Christianity . 2014.

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